Kristiansand is a city in southern Norway with 70 000 inhabitants. It is a popular place for tourists during the summer and Norway’s fastest growing city. Usually, Norway is associated with fjords and mountains, but this is a bit of a different experience. In this post we present ten interesting facts about Kristiansand.
Ten facts about Kristiansand
- The city was founded by and named after Danish King Kristian IV in 1641.
- In 1672, Christiansholm Fortress was finished. It has been in battle once, against an English force led by HMS Spencer during the Napoleon Wars. Today the fortress is a popular tourist attraction.
- Kristiansand Cathredal was completed in 1885. It was designed by architect Henrik Thrap-Meyer. It is built in Neo-Gothic style and its only tower rises 70 meters above the ground.
- After a fire in 1892, the wooden architecture in the central and southern part of the city was replaced by buildings made of stone.
- Kristiansand is a communication center with domestic as well as international flights, start and end-point for the roads Riksväg 9, E18 and E39, railroad connections to Oslo and Stavanger and ferries to Danish Hirtshals.
- Kristiansand Zoo (Norwegian: Dyrepark) was founded in 1964 and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Norway. It contains over 800 animals of almost 100 different species. Close to the park is a Water fun park called “Badelandet”. The Zoo and Amusement park attracts almost 900 000 visitors every year.
- Kilden Performing Arts Centre is a theater and concert hall which hosts a number of cultural events every year. Norwegian Crown Princess Mette-Marit laid the foundation stone in 2009 and the center opened in 2012. It is Norway’s second biggest cultural center after the Oslo Opera House.
- University of Agder was established as a merge of six colleges in 1994 and got University status in 2007.
- While Norway is mostly known for the more dramatic scenery of its northern coastline, Kristiansand consists of archipelago and beaches.
- Kristiansand city is the fifth largest city in Norway and the municipality with its 90 000 inhabitants is the sixth largest in Norway.